Research and Analytics

Leisure and Culture

Cultural Statistics in Scotland

February 2007

The survey reported in this publication was developed to inform the planning of policies and provision using an established database and to assess the outcomes and impacts of spending on culture across the entire range of local authorities' activities.

In January 2006 the Scottish Executive announced a new policy statement, 'Scotland's Culture', affirming the key role that should fall to local authorities in making cultural provision for citizens in Scotland. The policy statement also announced the intention to publish a draft Culture (Scotland) Bill which would introduce new duties for local authorities to develop local cultural planning including cultural entitlements. The draft Bill was published for consultation in December 2006 accompanied by draft statutory guidance on cultural planning and entitlements. Local authorities will find this annual survey of statistical data on the delivery of culture provision of benefit in fulfilling these duties.

The provision of cultural services by local authorities encompasses a wide range of different services covering heritage and museums, arts, recreation, sport, open spaces, tourism and library services. As these are discretionary services, local authorities are permitted considerable latitude in deciding which particular services to provide, their relative prioritisation and the method of service delivery. Provision comes from across the public, private, voluntary and community sectors. The introduction of Compulsory Competitive Tendering (CCT) in the late 1980s led to the increased involvement of the private sector in managing facilities, and this trend has continued. As a result there is an increasing array of local sponsorship investment opportunities / partnerships with Scotland's private sector that help to encourage the commitment of funding and expertise to bring arts and culture to audiences and into the workplace. Authorities must take a strategic role, facilitating these partnerships and creating collective frameworks. They must also continue to manage their existing resources and look at how best to develop them through investment.

Please note that this is the third report and some compiling difficulties have still been encountered due to the way some authorities record their data. In a number of cases it has been necessary to make approximate apportionments to achieve some of the results shown in the statistical tables. Nevertheless, the figures are a good indication of the current provision of cultural services. It is hoped that in future years the survey process will become increasingly more straightforward for respondents as they familiarise themselves with the data requirements.

This survey analyses local authority expenditure over the following areas: Sport (Indoor Sports; Outdoor Sports; Golf Courses; Playing Fields / Sports Pitches; Sports Development; Major One-Off Sports Events), Community Recreation (Halls and Community Centres; Community Festivals, Galas etc.), Parks and Open Spaces (Formal Parks; Equipped Play Areas; Other Public Spaces; Allotments; Country Parks; Countryside Ranger Services), The Arts (Theatres, Concert Halls, Art Centres, Visual Arts Facilities; Arts Development; Arts Festivals; Major One-Off Arts Events), Heritage and Museums (Heritage; Museums and Galleries; Acquisitions) and Other (Tourism; Libraries & Archives; Miscellaneous Cultural Activities). More information on the categories used for recording expenditure may be found in the general guidance notes on page 44.


Figure 1: Net Total Cost Cultural Expenditure
Summary Table
Summary Table A shows that, before applying expenditure on capital charges, 584.6 million was spent by local authorities on culture in Scotland in 2005-06, an 8.2% increase over 2004-05. The estimated figures provided show this will decrease in 2006-07 to 566.3 million (3.1%), which is just under 111 per head of population. It should be noted however, that actual expenditure is normally higher than origanally estimated. Therefore, the 2006-07 actual expenditure (which will be published next year) is still likely to show an increase over 2005-06.

Figure 1 shows a four year trend analysis illustrating an increase of 11.2% for Net Total Cost (Net Expenditure + Capital Charges) between 2003-04 Actuals and 2006-07 Estimates.

Figure 2: Total Expenditure 2005-06 Actuals
Figure 3: Income 2005-06 Actuals
Figure 4: Capital Expenditure 2005-06 Actuals
Spending on sport has risen by 11.6m (4.9%) between 2004-05 and 2005-06. This represents a 32.5% share of total expenditure as shown by Figure 2 on page 4. Figure 3 shows sport to have the largest share (54.6%) of total cultural income in 2005-06. Figure 4 shows that over two-fifths (45.1%) of capital expenditure is spent on sport, again the largest share. This shows a 9.3% increase in its relative share over 2004-05, largely at the expense of the arts.

Spending on parks and open spaces has risen by 15.2m (9.1%) in 2005-06. This represents a 24.0% share of total expenditure.

Spending on libraries and archives has risen by 2.4m (2.1%) in 2005-06. This represents a 15.4% share of total expenditure. In total, sport, parks and open spaces, libraries and archives have made up 71.9% of total expenditure in 2005-06. Pages 6 and 7 show maps of local authorities net expenditure per head of population by type of activity. These data are based on the grossed totals.

February 2007

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