Research and Analytics
CIPFA Public Library Actuals Statistics
Returns were received from 206 authorities, a response rate of 99%. Data for missing authorities have been 'grossed up' based on real data percentage increases over 2000-01. In cases where responding authorities were not able to provide all of the information requested the missing data have been similarly 'grossed up'. To allow for meaningful comparisons the following commentary, summary tables and regional and class totals in the main statistical tables include 'grossed' data.
Expenditure and Income
In 2001-02 local authorities in the United Kingdom spent a total of £930.9m (excluding capital charges) on the provision of the public library service. Income from fines, fees and other sources of £105.6m was received, resulting in overall net expenditure of £825.3m, an increase of £33.5m (4.2%) over 2000-01, compared to an increase in the RPI of 1.3% over the same period.
The following pie-chart illustrates the make-up of total expenditure.
Whilst expenditure on premises, employees and support services has remained largely stable since 1996-97, expenditure on books has decreased as a proportion of total expenditure from 13.0% to 9.5%. Correspondingly though expenditure on audio-visual stock has been rising. In 1996-97 expenditure on sound and video stock as a percentage of materials expenditure was 9.3%, in 2001-02 audio-visual, electronic (including multimedia) accounted for 16.6% of materials expenditure.
Income from fines and fees remains fairly low, meeting 2.1% of total expenditure, compared to 2.3% in 1996-97.
Table 1 summarises trends in expenditure and income over the past 6 years.
As far as the non-financial statistics are concerned, the total number of staff employed has fallen by 494.5, or 1.8% since 1996-97. The number of professional staff has been reduced by 4.4%, compared with a reduction of 0.9% for all other manual and non-manual staff. Table 2 summarises these changes.
Turning to the number of service points, there has been a reduction of 141 static service points (excluding mobile libraries) since 1996-97. There are now 4,134 central and branch libraries open to the public. Mobile libraries have also reduced in number, from 697 in 1996-97 to 664 in 2001-02. The number of smaller part-time libraries open less than 10 hours per week continues to decline from 255 in 1996-97 to 190 in 2001-02.
The figures for the period since 1996-97 are summarised in Table 3.
Issues of books have decreased by nearly 126 million since 1996-97. Annual issues per person per year stood at 6.41 in 2001-02 compared to 8.55 in 1996-97.
The total bookstock at 31st March 2001 stood at just over 116 million volumes or 1.97 books per person. However, no information is available on the 'quality' of these books, i.e. currency and condition. Table 4 shows the decline in Bookstock and the increase in the number of Audio-Visual, Electronic and other stock items since 1996-97.
Inter-Authority comparisons should be undertaken with caution. For example, inner city authorities have a duty to provide lending facilities to a day time population which may far exceed the resident population. Conversely the shire counties have the expense of providing library services to a widely scattered population in rural areas.
Methodology for Grossing Data
The grossing methodology is based upon the principle of making an estimate according to the most recent available source.
Where a return has not been received from an authority the total will be derived by attributing the same level of increase among the class average for responders, to the expenditure observed by the authority in the previous year. Where this figure is also missing, then the total expenditure and distribution is scaled to the per capita class average.
Where a return was received in the previous year, the same data are adopted. Otherwise the class average is scaled by percentage increases based on real returns in the same class of authority.
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