Research and Analytics
This publication contains information, both financial and non-financial, for forces covering 2005-06. Where data are unavailable figures in the summary tables have been adjusted to provide a more realistic position. This has been achieved by adjusting last year's figures according to the general trend shown by authorities of the same class returning data for the 2005-06 actuals.
The full implementation of Financial Reporting Standard FRS17 was introduced to the Code of Practice on Local Authority Accounting in the United Kingdom, A Statement of Recommended Practice (SORP) and thus CIPFA's Best Value Accounting Code of Practice (BVACOP) from 1 April 2003. When comparing expenditure with past years it may be worth noting the percentage change between Pre-FRS17 and FRS17 figures. In 2005-06, total net requirement on a FRS17 basis was 5.0% lower than pre-FRS17.
For the second year, we have collected police statistics for Scotland. We are pleased to report that we have received statistics from all Scottish authorities. However, for figure 1 and tables 5 to 7, we show grossed totals for England and Wales only, (as we do not have last year's Scottish figures against which to make a comparison).
Excluding capital charges, the total gross expenditure of police authorities in England, Wales and Scotland amounted to £13,687 million in 2005-06, an increase of £963 million over 2004-05, which represents a percentage increase of 7.6%. Details showing the breakdown of expenditure are provided in Table 1. The five year trend is shown in Table 7 on page 6.
Table 2 shows that the total cost of services for police authorities in England and Wales increased by £828 million to £12,394 million, an increase of 7.2%.
Figure 1 illustrates the rise in gross revenue expenditure over a five year period, £3.4 billion or 37.8% from 2001-02 to 2005-06.
Police officer pay dominates service costs, accounting for 58.0% of gross expenditure during 2005-06. This is demonstrated by the proportional breakdown of gross expenditure in Figure 2.
|Figure 2 - Staff Costs in 2005-06 as a proportion of Gross Expenditure in England, Wales and Scotland|
The majority of expenditure, 46.6% is funded by Police Grant. Figure 3 analyses sources of income. Additional Government support in the form of RSG (Revenue Support Grant) provides a further 20.7%. The remaining funding is made up from council tax and national non-domestic rates (NNDR).
Police officers accounted for 63.4% of service staff at 31st March 2006. Overall, forces strength increased by 459 (0.3%) in the period 31 March 2005 to 31 March 2006. Table 3 shows that English non-metropolitan police authorities have seen the largest percentage rise, increasing their numbers by 660.
Support staff numbers increased by 2,901 (3.7%) in the period 31 March 2005 to 31 March 2006, reflecting the emphasis being placed on civilianisation of tasks previously undertaken by police officers. Table 4 shows joint forces seeing the largest percentage rise, increasing their numbers by 785 (4.8%).
Table 5 shows recorded crime, the respective clear-up rates, and differences associated between 2004-05 and 2005-06. Recorded crime rates have fallen by 1.5% from 2004-05, continuing the trend observed between 2003-04 and 2004-05 (6.3%). Table 6 shows serious crime for England and Wales over the past five years, and the respective clear-up rates. There has been a marked improvement over the last three years with a clear-up rate of 23% in 2003-04 compared with 27% for 2005-06.
Trend in Net Expenditure
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