Research and Analytics

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CIPFA Probation Service Statistics


October 1998
Using the estimates in conjunction with figures produced for actuals, it is possible to analyse general trends and patterns for the probation service. This commentary relates to England and Wales, excluding London, as the administrative procedures and the funding of expenditure are different in London.

Returns were received from all but one of the probation authorities for the 1998-99 estimates, Berkshire. Furthermore, West Glamorgan was unable to supply any information for the 1996-97 actuals. For comparison purposes only, financial data for these authorities have been calculated using percentage changes, based on the other authorities' returns, for each heading where appropriate.

The non-financial data have been grossed up by using data from previous years' statistics as appropriate.

Manpower
For the purposes of the table:
  • Probation Officers includes Senior Probation Officers, Probation Officers, Hostel Managers and Deputy Hostel Managers.
  • Ancillary Workers includes Probation Service Officers (PSOs) and Assistant Hostel Managers.
  • Other Staff includes Administrative, Clerical and Professional Staff.

The table excludes the following:
  1. Staff employed under Manpower Services Commission Schemes.
  2. Staff employed under Urban Programme Projects.

As the staffing figures for the actuals do not separately identify officers working in the Prison Service these have been included in the table as Probation Officers. The estimated number of Probation Officers seconded to the Prison Service as at 31st March 1999 is 583.2.

Expenditure and Income

Price Base

This is the fifth year that the estimates statistics have been compiled at outturn prices and care is needed when making comparisons with years prior to 1994-95.

1998-99 Estimates

In 1998-99 Probation Authorities in England and Wales are estimating to spend a total of 391,525m on the provision of the Probation Service. Gross Expenditure is expected to increase by 5.6m (1.5%) over 1997-98. Net Expenditure to be met from Council Tax, NNDR and Revenue Support Grant is set to decrease by 0.6m (0.8%) over the same period.

1996-97 Actuals

Gross Expenditure has decreased by 2.4m (0.6%) over 1995-96, whilst Net Expenditure to be met from Council Tax, NNDR and Revenue Support Grant has increased by 0.8m (1.1%) over the same period.

Client Groups and Workload

As details of workload are not available, the client groups used in the statistics for comparison purposes continue to be projected population aged 15-29. The mid-1998 figures have been used for the estimates and mid-1996 for the actuals. The number of persons proceeded against at Magistrates' Courts for indictable offences in 1996 has also been used. The Home Office, in supplying the latter set of figures which are taken from the Criminal Statistics supplied by the Police, wish care to be taken in their use because of the following points:
  1. A defendant is recorded only once for each set of Court proceedings against the principal offence involved.
  2. Figures for some areas are estimates and have been rounded to the nearest hundred.
  3. Persons proceeded against in one probation area may eventually be dealt with by the probation service in another area.
  4. The figures cover only indictable offences, and supervision and community service orders can be given in the cases of offences triable only summarily
  5. A large number of persons proceeded against in the courts have no contact with the Probation Service.
  6. The figures relate to 1996 whereas other figures in the statistics relate to 1996-97 and 1998-99.

Expenditure Analysis

Expenditure Analysis
A breakdown of capital charges over the above expenditure headings is not available. Estimated capital charges for Cash Limited Services and Services Outside of Cash Limit are 1,645,000 and 2,598,000 respectively.

1998/99 Estimates

The following charts show the breakdown of expenditure and income for the Probation Service.

Expenditure and Income
The following diagram provides an analysis of the main areas of activity for the Probation Service in terms of the total amounts spent on individual services.

Functional Analysis
The diagram below shows net expenditure per 1000 population aged 15-29 - column 24 (excluding London).

Net Expenditure per 1000 Population Aged 15-29 - Cash Limited Services
The highest costs per 1000 population aged 15-29 occur at Cumbria (11,724) and Merseyside (11,190). The lowest costs occur at West Sussex (5,306) and Cambridgeshire (5,538). In Merseyside the number of persons proceeded against for indictable offences is high in relation to the 15-29 age group, whereas generally the reverse is true of the areas with the lowest costs.

The following diagram shows net expenditure per person proceeded against at Magistrates' Courts for indictable offences - column 26 (excluding London).

Net Expenditure per Person Proceeded Against - Cash Limited Services
The highest costs using this measure occur at Wiltshire (354) and Surrey (278). The lowest costs occur at Dyfed (116) and Staffordshire (119). In Wiltshire the number of persons proceeded against for indictable offences is low in relation to the 15-29 age group, whereas generally the reverse is true of the areas with the lowest costs.

Summary of Estimated Expenditure and Income 1998-99 (Grossed)

October 1998

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