Research and Analytics

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CIPFA Probation Service Statistics


September 2002
Using the estimates in conjunction with figures produced for actuals, it is possible to analyse general trends and patterns for the probation service. This commentary relates to England and Wales, excluding London, as the administrative procedures and the funding of expenditure are different in London.

Returns were received from 73% of authorities. In order to allow more meaningful comparisons, summary tables have been 'grossed-up' using data from previous years' statistics where appropriate to account for missing data.

Manpower (Grossed)
For the purposes of the table:
  • Probation Officers includes Senior Probation Officers, Probation Officers, Hostel Managers and Deputy Hostel Managers.
  • Ancillary Workers includes Probation Service Officers (PSOs) and Assistant Hostel Managers.
  • Other Staff includes Administrative, Clerical and Professional Staff.

As the staffing figures for the actuals do not separately identify officers working in the Prison Service these have been included in the table as Probation Officers. The estimated number of Probation Officers seconded to the Prison Service as at 31st March 2002 is 806.7.

Expenditure and Income

Price Base

This is the eighth year that the estimates statistics have been compiled at outturn prices and care is needed when making comparisons with years prior to 1994-95.

2001-02 Estimates

In 2001-02 Probation Authorities in England and Wales are estimating to spend a total of 491,092m on the provision of the Probation Service. Gross Expenditure is expected to increase by 32.7m (7.1%) over 2000-2001. Net Expenditure to be met from Council Tax, NNDR and Revenue Support Grant is set to decrease by 78,687m (93.5%) over the same period, due to a 30.8% increase in government grants.

1999-2000 Actuals

Gross Expenditure has increased by 34.3m (8.6%) over 1998-99, whilst Net Expenditure to be met from Council Tax, NNDR and Revenue Support Grant has increased by 3.0m (3.9%) over the same period.

2000-01 Actuals

Gross Expenditure has increased by 38.5m (8.9%) over 1999-2000, whilst Net Expenditure to be met from Council Tax, NNDR and Revenue Support Grant has increased by 6.6m (8.5%) over the same period.

Client Groups and Workload

As details of workload are not available, the client groups used in the statistics for comparison purposes continue to be projected population aged 15-29. The mid-2001 figures have been used for the estimates and mid-1999 and mid-2000 for the 1999-2000 and 2000-01 actuals respectively. The number of persons proceeded against at Magistrates' Courts for indictable offences in 1999 and 2000 has also been used. The Home Office has supplied the latter set of figures which are taken from the Criminal Statistics supplied by the Police. They request that care be taken in their use because of the following points:
  1. A defendant is recorded only once for each set of Court proceedings against the principal offence involved.
  2. Figures for some areas are estimates and have been rounded to the nearest hundred.
  3. Persons proceeded against in one probation area may eventually be dealt with by the probation service in another area.
  4. The figures cover only indictable offences, and supervision and community service orders can be given in the cases of offences triable only summarily.
  5. A large number of persons proceeded against in the courts have no contact with the Probation Service.
  6. The figures relate to 1999 whereas other figures in the statistics relate to 1999-2000, 2000-2001 and 2001-2002.

Expenditure Analysis

Expenditure Analysis
A breakdown of capital charges over the above expenditure headings is not available. Estimated capital charges for Main Service Expenditure and Services Outside of Main Expenditure are 936,000 and 230,000 respectively.

2001/02 ESTIMATES

The following charts show the breakdown of expenditure and income for the Probation Service.

Expenditure and Income
The following diagram provides an analysis of the main areas of activity for the Probation Service in terms of the total amounts spent on individual services.

Functional Analysis
The diagram below shows net expenditure (before government grant) per 1,000 population aged 15-29 - column 20 (excluding London).

Net Expenditure (Before Government Grant) per 1,000 Population Aged 15-29 - Main Service Expenditure
The highest costs per 1,000 population aged 15-29 occur at Northumbria (60,653) and South Yorkshire (59,497). The lowest costs occur at Thames Valley (25,466) and Surrey (35,370).

The diagram below shows net expenditure (before government grant) per 1,000 population aged 15-29 - column 43 (excluding London).

Net Expenditure (Before Government Grant) per 1,000 Population Aged 15-29 - Services Outside of Main Expenditure
The highest costs per 1,000 population aged 15-29 occur at Staffordshire (11,904) and Lancashire (9,356). The lowest cost occurs at Essex (951).

Summary of Estimated Expenditure and Income 2001-02 (Grossed)

September 2002

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