Research and Analytics
CIPFA Personal Social Services Estimates Statistics
This statistical booklet relating to Personal Social Services contains details of estimated expenditure and income for 2001-02 together with non-financial data which in total provide a substantive analysis of the different activities for local authorities in England, Wales and Scotland. This is the first publication to reflect the review of CIPFA's Service Expenditure Analysis (SEA) for Social Services which forms part of the Best Value Accounting Code of Practice 2001. The SEA applies to published financial statements for financial periods beginning on or after 1st April 2001 for England and Wales and 1st April 2002 for Scotland.
The data were collected by way of a CIPFA questionnaire which is reproduced at the back of this publication.
The rows on the questionnaire match the recommended sub-divisions in the SEA to be used for the 2001-2002 accounts.
All clients are included in only one client group. The term Children should cover all children (except asylum seekers) regardless of the type of need. The term Older People refers to all people aged 65 or over (except asylum seekers) even if the primary need for support is not related to age. In particular older mentally ill, learning disabled, physically disabled etc. are all included as older people.
Where difficulty arises in identifying the appropriate client group, the primary cause for social services involvement is used for the classification of adult clients. The adults HIV/Aids and the substance abuse headings are only used where the primary need for support stems from the HIV/Aids condition or the abuse/addiction. For example, if an adult who has needs that mainly stem from mental illness also suffers from HIV/Aids, all the costs of support are included as Adults Aged Under 65 with Mental Health Needs.
Expenditure specifically to support carers is recorded under the appropriate client group for the person they care for. Normally the support will fit into the existing framework i.e. often it will be home care, respite care or day care. Where an appropriate sub-division of service does not exist the support is recorded as 'Other Services'.
This means that, in so far as it is practical, costs are recorded on a client basis rather than establishment basis. In practice this means, for example, that if a day centre that is used mainly by Older People is also attended by several Adults with Physical or Sensory Impairment, the costs of the day centre are apportioned between the two client groups.
Other points to note:
- Expenditure should include payments funded by grants.Income and expenditure should each be shown gross.Capital Charges should be included as part of gross expenditure.Social services management and support service costs should be apportioned to the division of service that benefits from them.
The Children Act 1989
The Children Act 1989 requires local authorities to take appropriate steps to identify 'children in need'. This is defined as those children who require local authority services in order to achieve and maintain a reasonable standard of health and development.
The main requirements include:
- authorities must maintain a register of carers for children under the age of 8 years.authorities are to charge a fee for this registration and for annual inspection.authorities must provide a range of services for young people no longer being looked after, including advice and information, a 'befriending' service and assistance in cash or in kind.
The National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990
The National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990, has significantly changed the role of social workers in community care and, in particular, has increased the emphasis on flexible packages of care for people within the community, packages which are bought by social workers on behalf of their clients from a range of providers.
Therefore, there is a need for a more rigorous treatment of overhead costs to ensure that the full costs of care are identified.
This category has been very narrowly defined to ensure that amounts recorded by each authority are comparable. It comprises of three main elements.
Strategic ManagementThe Director of Social Services and her/his personal administrative support. The director and her/his staff are expected to contribute the majority of the strategic input to strategic liaison with outside bodies e.g. the NHS and to associated plans such as:
- Community Care Plan.Children’s Service Plan.Health Improvement Programmes.Health Action Zones.Joint Investment Plan.
Registration and InspectionIncludes all of the costs of the arms length inspection and registration unit (required by 1990 NHS and Community Care Act) or payments for this service. Also includes the costs of inspecting independent schools (Children Act 1989) and day facilities for under 8’s.
Complaints ProceduresIncludes the costs of the Complaints Procedure required by the Children Act 1989 and the NHS and Community Care Act 1990.
A detailed examination of the statistics will show that the level of involvement of individual authorities in particular activities varies widely, thereby reflecting local need, policies and problems that may have been encountered.
Readers are requested to exercise caution when making comparisons between authorities as certain items are treated in a variety of ways. For example, the level of support services allocated directly varies considerably. Similarly, many authorities make payments to the private and voluntary sector net of income.
Subscribers, please use the left hand menu and non subscribers click below
CIPFAstats Current Datasets
Please click Historical Data to access those publications that are no longer part of the CIPFAstats survey range. These are available to full internet subscribers only